A Brief History of Ancient Greek by Stephen Colvin PDF

By Stephen Colvin

A short heritage of old Greek accessibly depicts the social historical past of this historic language from its Indo-European roots to the current day.

Explains key relationships among the language and literature of the Classical interval (500 - three hundred BC)
offers a social historical past of the language which transliterates and interprets all Greek as acceptable, and is consequently available to readers who recognize very little Greek
Written within the framework of recent sociolinguistic idea, referring to the advance of historical Greek to its social and political context
displays the newest pondering on topics resembling Koiné Greek and the connection among literary and vernacular Greek

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Tsikouðyá]). It is hard to see why these should have been borrowed from Crete: names of Mediterranean plants such as the terebinth tree are generally thought to have been taken over from local languages by the incoming Indo-European speakers, to whom they were unfamiliar. It would be a big step to assume on this evidence that mainland Greece was also inhabited by Minoan speakers (and there is no archaeological evidence to suggest a connection). Another ­possibility is what Renfrew and others have called the “Versailles effect” whereby elements of an important cultural center radiate into ­surrounding regions: these can include styles and customs, but also linguistic elements.

2) Words in -nthos and in -ssos. We saw above that these words in -nthos have been associated with the Minoans by some modern scholars. ” Most are found in words for plants (a few animals), and in place-names: ἄψινθος [apsinthos] “wormwood, absinthe” κολοκύνθη [kolokunthē] “squash” μίνθη [minthē] “mint” σμίνθος [sminthos] “mouse” ὑάκινθος [huakinthos] “bluebell, hyacinth” There are many place-names in -nthos and -ssos (or -ssa) in Greece. ). , Mykalessos, Teumessos in Boeotia; Tylissos, Knossos in Crete).

Thus the verb *ἕχω [hekhō] “I have” in the present tense became ἔχω [ekhō]: but the future tense remains ἕξω [heksō] because there is only one aspirate in the word. This ­process is already in place before the time of our earliest Greek texts, and has often been assumed to be pre-Mycenean. , during the “Dark Ages”). Words are conventionally transcribed in their ­classical form in this chapter (thus e-ke “he has” as [ekhei]), which may be inaccurate. In most areas of Mycenean phonology sound changes characteristic of Greek have already occurred: (3) The syllabic resonants *m̥ *n̥ * l̥ *r̥ of Indo-European have already disappeared in Mycenean.

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