By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written historical past of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many global s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity offers an summary of this crucial language family members, together with either historical and sleek languages. After a quick creation to the background of the relatives and its inner category, next chapters conceal subject matters in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes good points which are attribute of the Semitic language relations as an entire, in addition to a number of the extra remarkable advancements that occur within the person languages. this offers either a typological assessment and an outline of extra particular beneficial properties. The chapters include ample examples from various languages. all of the examples contain morpheme through morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and available even to these no longer acquainted with a given language. Concluding the booklet is an in depth consultant to extra examining, which directs the reader to crucial reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short advent features a wealthy number of facts, and covers subject matters now not in general present in brief sketches resembling this. The readability of presentation makes it precious not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but additionally to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit whatever approximately this significant language kinfolk.
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Additional info for A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias Handbooks)
AI (morpholog infiecllon an infiectionaI . n . In Afab·Ie, Which has former IS more commo . has the basic ratlVe form of the adj· ective camparat'IVe , the compa IIer' ; . atwal 'longer, ta tawil '1°ng, tal . : m pattern raGGaG, as 1TI for parative re beaut1ful T e com 1 l' , 'lahsan 'mo hruan 'b eaut·fu the "elatl·ve" form) can · Arabic grammars (normally called. 1TI as re. , , ' ) also denote an 1TIte h the definite article (66 ext. W en 1 occ. " wit cont by d uire rative q chain (67) the compa member 0f a gem(1ve Of as the first ative.
The proclitic coordinating particle *pa-, indicating sequen tial coordination ('and then'), is found in some Central Semitic languages, namely Ugaritic, Arabic, �ayhadic, Sam'alian, and a few Aramaic dialects. In a number of Ethiopian languages, we find an enclitic coordinator with an enclitic element n, including Amharic -nna and Tigrinya -no Although every Semitic language possesses at least one co ordinating conjunction, asyndetic coordination is also well at· tested in the family (72-73).
4. 5 PHRASAL VERBS Phrasal verbs (also known as composite verbs) are a characteris tic feature of the modern Ethiopian Semitic languages. In these constructions, which have developed under Cushitic influence, a verbal concept is expressed by a fixed element and a conjugated form of the verb 'say' or, much less often (and not in all the lan guages), 'make', 'name', or 'become'. Examples are Amharic k'uc'c' aid 'he sat down', diiss aldw 'he was happy' (lit. )" all based on bald 'he said' (Meyer 2006); and Tigre kat beld 'he sat', kay beld 'he hurried', and bh,b beld 'he sweated', all based on beld 'he said' (Raz 1983).