Ranko Matasović's A Short Grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian) PDF

By Ranko Matasović

This grammar can be used with a few warning, not just since it used to be written via a linguist who's faraway from being a fluent speaker of Kabardian. it truly is mostly compilatory in nature, and lots of examples have been drawn from the prevailing works on Kabardian through M. L. Abitov, Mukhadin Kumakhov, and others. notwithstanding, i've got additionally excerpted and analyzed many sentences from the literature, particularly from the Nart corpus (Nārtxar, 1951, Nārtxar, 2001), and a few examples have been elicited from local audio system. even if i've got relied seriously at the released scholarly works on Kabardian, my interpretations of the information are often very varied from these within the on hand literature. i've got attempted to strategy the Kabardian language from a typological viewpoint, evaluating its linguistic gains, which could look unusual to audio system of Indo-European languages, to comparable beneficial properties present in different languages of the area.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Short Grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian) PDF

Similar linguistics books

Read e-book online Webster's New World 575+ German Verbs PDF

Now gaining knowledge of German verbs is simpler than ever. no matter if you want to converse German extra fluently for company, are looking to brush up for a visit, or intend to make the grade in highschool or university, Webster's New global 575+ German Verbs is the single verb reference you would like. This functional source lists verbs alphabetically and comprises examples demonstrating the that means and serve as of the verbs to make sure that you understand how to take advantage of them accurately!

Get Early Periods, Volume 4: Old Babylonian Period, 2003-1595 PDF

This quantity covers the Isin-Larsa and previous Babylonian sessions, a interval marked before everything through the fight of 2 city-states, Isin and Larsa, for keep an eye on over the land of Sumer in southern Babylonia. in spite of everything the city-state of Babylon, less than its vigorous ruler Hammurabi, intervened. At an opportune second, Hammurabi struck speedily, defeated Larsa, and integrated the southern domain names into his personal nation-states, thereby growing an empire that for a little while united the lands of Sumer and Akkad.

T-Center St. Marx, Wien Vienna (German and English - download pdf or read online

The awesome T-center St. Marx Vienna used to be designed and outfitted by means of the architects, G? ?nther Domenig, Hermann Eisenk? ¶ck and Herfried Peyker. lately accomplished, the undertaking has 119 000 m2 of usable flooring house and includes places of work for 3000 staff. surprisingly proportioned, the development could be defined as a reclining sculpture 60 m excessive and 255 m lengthy with a forty m wing cantilevering out.

Additional info for A Short Grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian)

Example text

Remain "I am leaving you my gold" (= "I am making my gold remain for you") 54 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian II. CONJUNCTIVITY (COMITATIVE) The prefix expressing conjunctivity (Rus. -af. -af. -af. "The old man drank sour milk with the guests" Note that haś'axa "guests" is in the Ergative in the preceding example, which shows that the applied argument has the status of the oblique, rather than direct object/undergoer. poss. -eat 54 A genetically cognate comitative/conjunctivity prefix exists in the other NW Caucasian languages, cf.

In informal terms, the actor is the most "active" of the arguments of a particular verb, while the undergoer is the least active argument. 38 About this see e. g. ) 1978: 59. 40 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian Adyghean languages. Klimov uses the term ''diffuse'' or ''labile'' verbs for those verbs which can be used both in a transitive and an intransitive construction; this category comprises verbs meaning "to sow", "to graze", "to plow", "to knit", "to embroider", "to weave", etc. 39. These seem to be mostly verbs the first argument of which (the agent) is always a human being or a person, while the second argument (the patient) is inanimate.

Kabardian verbal morphology is extremely complex. Prefixes and suffixes are used to express different verbal categories, and there is also apophony (regular root vowel alternation). The verb does not have the category of voice (it does not distinguish active and passive), 34 but it does have the categories of transitivity, person, number, tense, mood, causative, two types of applicatives (version/benefactive (Rus. versija) and conjunctivity/comitative (Rus. sojuznost')), reflexivity, reciprocity, involuntative, and evidentiality.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.15 of 5 – based on 50 votes
 

Author: admin