Download e-book for kindle: About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford by Alessandra Giorgi

By Alessandra Giorgi

This e-book considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, the day before today, tomorrow, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance.There is a long-standing controversy as to if the semantic reference element is already current as syntactic fabric or if it is brought post-syntactically through semantic principles of interpretation. Alessandra Giorgi resolves this controversy via an empirically grounded exploration of temporal indexicality, arguing that the speaker's temporal position is laid out in the syntactic constitution. She helps her research with theoretical and empirical arguments in keeping with info from English, Italian, chinese language, and Romanian. Professor Giorgi addresses a few tricky and longstanding matters within the research of temporal phenomena - together with the Italian imperfect indicative, the homes of the so-called future-in-the-past, and the houses of loose oblique Discourse - and exhibits that her framework can account elegantly for them all. rigorously argued, succinct, and obviously written her e-book will charm generally to semanticists in linguistics and philosophy from graduate point upwards and to linguists drawn to the syntax-semantics interface.

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Extra info for About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)

Example text

The contexts I will consider are mostly the ones where the sentence is a clausal complement of the verb. 45 Interestingly, for some Italian speakers—but not for me—a verb such as credere (believe) can either select for a subjunctive and, usually substandardly, for an imperfect indicative verbal form. However, only the subjunctive admits CD. Consider for instance the following example:46 (73) (*)Gianni credeva *(che) aveva telefonato Maria Gianni believed that had(ind imp) called Maria ‘Gianni believes that Maria called’ Modulo the marginality of the indicative, in this case CD is impossible, on a par with the verbs of saying such as dire (say), illustrated in example (66).

In Italian there is however a simple past—in this case partì (left). The distribution of the present perfect and the simple past in Italian is very different from in English. In English they are really two different tenses, exhibiting different properties and obeying different constraints. In Italian, in many contexts, they seem to be largely equivalent forms—even if this is undoubtedly an oversimplification—and their distribution varies according to the dialectal and regional linguistic background of the speakers.

The features of the speaker. This derivation is just an example and does not take into account many relevant details. The chapters that follow should clarify at least some of them. Let us go back now to the paradigm illustrated above in examples (21)–(23). These phenomena follow from the hypothesis proposed here. Let’s hypothesize that the event combines with the temporal location present in its clause, giving rise in this case to the event of being happy on 28 May. , that the temporal morphology is interpreted only once, a sentence such as (23) should be perfectly grammatical even in DAR languages: the state should simply be taken to extend from the utterance time to 28 May.

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