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1). For men aged 55-59, there was a slight increase over the 1990s in comparison with almost unchanged participation rates for prime-age men (25-49) and men in their early 50s. For women both in their early and late 50s, participation rates over the past 10-15 years have risen in line or even slightly faster than the long-term trend rise in participation rates for prime-age women. 1. Participation rates by age and gender in Japan, 1970-2002 Percentages 15-24 25-49 50-54 55-59 100 100 95 95 90 85 60-64 65+ 90 Men 85 80 80 75 75 70 70 65 65 60 60 55 55 50 50 45 45 40 40 35 35 30 30 25 25 20 20 15 15 10 10 5 5 0 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 Women 0 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 Source: Labour Force Survey.

Moreover, the proportion of much older workers (aged 65 and over) is likely to rise from just over 7% of the total labour force in 2000 to over 13% in 2050. 6. 65. 71). 7. The effective age of retirement refers to the average age at which people aged 40 and over withdrew from the labour force over any given five-year period. It is estimated using information on participation rates and effectively assumes that no exits from the labour markets occur because of death and that the population structure by age remains constant over time.

Autres domaines de réforme Indiquer plus clairement comment les objectifs seront atteints et quels sont les coûts et avantages probables Les objectifs que le gouvernement préconise actuellement sont « l’emploi jusqu’à 65 ans » et « l’emploi à tout âge ». Il semble pour le moment avoir fait porter l’essentiel de ses efforts sur la réalisation de « l’emploi jusqu’à 65 ans », en adoptant un ensemble élargi de mesures ciblées sur les travailleurs âgés, comportant notamment des subventions salariales.

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