Read e-book online Americans in Sumatra PDF

By James W. Gould

There is a typical trust that till lately americans have hottest isolation to curiosity in distant parts similar to Southeast Asia. This thesis may be confirmed by means of interpreting the background of yank family with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the us. this kind of land is Sumatra. it's one of many biggest islands on this planet. Its I66,789 sq. mile region exceeds that of the 3rd greatest American country, California, and is greater than Italy. mendacity midway all over the world from the USA, its I050 mile size is nearly divided through the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. to start with, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This used to be confirmed in I942 whilst the U.S. stationed planes on Sumatra in an try and stem the japanese increase southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from japanese Asia to Europe and the jap usa. Sumatra's southern tip varieties one facet of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be­ tween the close to and much East. the outlet of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest direction among the a ways East and the Western international from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.

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Annual Report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs, 1892 (Harrisburg: State Printer, 1893), Part III, Industrial Statistics, Vol. XX, p. 157. S. State Department, Commercial Relations I863, p. 81. AMERICANS IN SUMATRA June 30, r864, 200 cases (r,ooo gallons) of kerosene being imported in r864- 4 The name of the first vessel is lost since such a small quantity was probably listed among the "sundries" brought to Batavia by American ships. 5 Within the first twelve months the United States had exported $ 25,000 worth of petroleum products to the Dutch East Indies, some 20,000 gallons of crude oil, 4,000 gallons of kerosene and 3,000 gallons of benzene.

946 tons, worth $ 17,994,804 or 77 percent of our total supply. Counting Indonesian tin ore and pigs our total imports of tin in 1959 were valued at $ 18,432,493. Sumatra thus directly supplied 15 percent of the value of imports of tin in 1959. Remembering that domestic sources are negligible, this means that the United States is still heavily dependent upon Sumatra for this very important and irreplaceable resource. Closely related to tin are American imports of bauxite, tungsten and monazite.

1898 15 March 1900 21 Maxch 1906 13 Apr. 1910 4 March 19I4 30 Sept. 1859 (Vacant: c. I February 1916 - 21 June 1917) Horace E. Dickinson Am. 21 July 1917 (Vacant: 5 January 1918 - 15 July 1918) (Vacant 25 July 1918 - 13 May 1919) Consul Algar E. Carleton Am. 18 Feb. 1919 CarlO. Spamer Am. 26 May 1920 Consul Sydney B. Redecker Vice Consul Am. 17 Aug. 1923 (Vice Consul Cyril L. T. Thiel Am. 15 July 1925) Sydney B. Redecker Consul and Am. 4 Sept. 1925 Principal Officer Raymond LeR. Archer Am. O. Walter A.

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