Download PDF by Fran H. Norris PhD, Sandro Galea MD MPH DPH, Matthew J.: Methods for Disaster Mental Health Research

By Fran H. Norris PhD, Sandro Galea MD MPH DPH, Matthew J. Friedman MD PhD, Patricia J. Watson PhD

This authoritative publication can be of curiosity to an individual fascinated by learning the psychological well-being effects of large-scale stressful occasions or in measuring the effectiveness of postdisaster interventions. The booklet considers failures from assorted views and interprets their chaotic aftermath into possible study rules and ways. Contributing authors, all skilled researchers and practitioners, current quite a lot of tools and techniques utilized in epidemiology, software overview, and public psychological wellbeing and fitness making plans within the aftermath of average or technological mess ups and terrorism. Descriptions of exemplary reports carry to lifestyles the linked logistical and clinical demanding situations and express how those demanding situations should be addressed utilizing high quality examine designs.

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In our opinion, capturing the collective aspects of disaster exposure (and resulting complexities) is an important goal for future research. 32 INTRODUCTION TO THE FIELD Gender With few exceptions, studies that have examined gender differences have almost always found female survivors to be more adversely affected. , 1999; Steinglass & Gerrity, 1990). Effects of gender are stronger in some cultures or contexts than in others (Norris, Perilla, Ibañez, & Murphy, 2001; Webster, McDonald, Lewin, & Carr, 1995).

Government Printing Office. , & Kaniasty, K. (2002). 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981– 2001. Psychiatry, 65, 207–239. , et al. (1999). Psychiatric disorders among survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing. Journal of the American Medical Association, 282, 755–762. Oxford English Dictionary (1987). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. , & Norris, F. (1989). Psychological symptoms in older adults following disaster: Nature, timing, duration, and course.

Magnitude of Effects Of course, not all disasters are equally serious from a public health perspective. A few samples in this review (9%) showed only minimal or highly transient effects. The majority of the samples (50%) showed moderate effects, indicative of prolonged stress but little psychopathology. In these samples, depending upon the study’s design, there were significant differences between exposed participants and some comparison group, changes between predisaster and postdisaster mental health measures, or significant correlations between exposure measures and mental health measures.

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